General Winfield Scott Hancock?
Called the most "conspicuous" of all Union commanders by General U.S. Grant, remained a regular army general until 1866. He was nominated for the presidency in 1880, losing to James A. Garfield by a small margin of votes. Died at Governors Island, New York February 9, 1886.
Colonel Nelson A. Miles?
Promoted under Hancock, he received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his stand at Chancellorsville. Later became custodian of the prisoner, Jefferson Davis. Commanded the victorious U.S. forces during the Spanish-American war and retired in 1903. One of the United States' most decorated soldiers. He became a pallbearer for Hancock and died in 1925
Confederate Gen. Pierre G.T. Beauregard?
Beauregard was involved in many pivotal events during the war which began at Ft. Sumter. Davis blamed him for the defeat at Shiloh. He was relieved of command. He later was sent to Charleston, S.C. where he was given the responsibility of protecting the coasts. He returned to Louisiana where he went into railroading. He died in 1893 at New Orleans.
Major General Daniel Harvey Hill?
Stonewall Jackson's brother-in-law. He became embroiled in a controversy with Bragg claiming Bragg was incompetent. He served in the rest of the war in command of Volunteers in North Carolina. In 1877, Hill became president of the University of Arkansas and later, he headed the Georgia Military Academy, dying in 1889.
Dr. Hunter H. McGuire?
Stonewall Jackson's personal physician. Served with Ewell after Jackson's death and he established the College of Medicine at the University of Virginia. He was a Professor of Surgery until 1878. Later named President of the American Surgical Association and then, the American Medical Association. Died in 1900.
Union Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain?
Chamberlain, famous at Gettysburg, was injured twice during the war. He received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his role at Gettysburg. He returned to Maine, serving as its Governor, became President of Bowdoin College, later a businessman and author. He died at Portland and is buried at Brunswick, Maine.
General In Chief Winfield Scott?
Regarded today as one of the greatest soldiers this nation has ever produced. Scott spent most of the war years writing his memoirs, dying in 1866 and is buried at West Point.
Union Gen. George Gordon Meade?
Gen. Meade, who became famous at Gettysburg, was given a series of commands in the South during reconstruction. He tried to handle the difficult task fairly and with sensitivity. He died in 1872 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania after battling pneumonia and old war wounds. Meade served postwar U.S. Army in command of various departments and divisions.
Confederate Maj. Gen.Joseph Wheeler?
Captured near Atlanta, Wheeler was known for his desire to keep the war going. He entered politics and was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1885. He served in the Spanish-American War in 1898, serving with such notables as Theodore Roosevelt and "Black Jack" Pershing. He served in the Regular army as a brigadier general until 1900. It is said he occasionally forgot where he was in the Spanish - American War and urged his comrades "On, to fight the Yankees." He lived and died in Brooklyn, New York on January 25, 1906. Because of his service in the later war, Joe is buried at Arlington National Cemetery - one of a few from the Confederacy so chosen.
Major General Darius N. Couch?
In 1863 Couch asked for a leave of absence telling the War Department that he could not lead his men any longer in the "senseless slaughter" under Joe Hooker. He was appointed commander of the new Department of the Susquehanna which was organized to prevent a Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania. He ran unsuccessfully for governor of Massachusetts. Served in the volunteer army until his death in 1897.
Union Gen. Phillip Henry Sheridan?
Famous cavalryman of the Union, went on to become the Military Governor of Texas and Louisiana. He was too harsh to last and was removed after a five month stint. In 1884, he was made commander in chief of the army. He devoted the remainder of his life to writing his memoirs which were completed three days before his death in 1888. Sheridan was instrumental in helping to create and preserve the Yellowstone Park. "Little Phil" is Buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Confederate Gen. Joseph Eggleston Johnston?
Famous for fighting Sherman in the Atlanta campaign and always seemingly at odds with President Davis, Joe made the House of Representatives for his native Virginia. President Grover Cleveland appointed him Commissioner of Railroads. Ironically, Johnston attended Sherman's funeral and refused to wear his hat in the extreme cold. He said, "If I were in his place and he standing here in mine, he would not put on his hat." Johnston caught pneumonia and died shortly thereafter. Joe Died in Washington, D.C. in 1891. He is Buried in Baltimore, Maryland
Confederate Gen. James Longstreet?
Gen. Lee's right hand man settled in New Orleans after the war and became a successful cotton broker and insurance agent. Postwar, It is said he was openly critical of Gen. Lee. He wrote extensively after the war, mostly defending his position at Gettysburg. He joined the Republican party and had a long list of government appointments which included Postmaster, U.S. Marshal and Minister to Turkey. He died in Gainesville, Ga. in 1904.
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee?
Poor, homeless and suffering from a heart ailment, Gen. Lee accepted a position at the small Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. Lee signed the oath of allegiance necessary for the restoration of his revoked citizenship in 1865 but it was never officially recorded as Secretary of State Seward had given it away to a friend as a souvenir. Congress restored his citizenship in 1975. He died in 1870 in a coffin too short and without shoes. No flag draped his coffin. Thousands of Southerners traveled to Lexington to attend his funeral. Gen. Lee was admired in the North and revered in the South.
Confederate Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee?
This lee, nephew of Robt. E. Lee, and also Chief of Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, went on to be Governor of Virginia, Consul General to Cuba, writer.
Confederate Lt. General, Stephen Dill Lee, CSA?
No relation to the Lees of Virginia, this Lee went on to become a state senator in Mississippi, first President of Mississippi State College, Commissioner to organize Vicksburg National Military Park, Commander-In-Chief of the United Confederate Veterans. Died at Vicksburg, 1908. Buried in Columbus, Mississippi.
Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant?
Two term President, U.S.Grant, dying of throat cancer, labored to complete his memoirs in order to provide income for his family. Julia, his wife, would become a wealthy woman when the memoirs became an American classic. He completed the memoirs nine days before his death on July 23, 1885. Buried in New York in upper Manhattan.
Union Gen. Ambrose Everett Burnside?
Gen. Burnside dabbled in business. Prior to the war he was an arms inventor. He later became Governor of Rhode Island and then U.S. Senator. Died Bristol, R.I, 1881. He is buried in Providence, R.I.
Gen. Jubal Anderson Early?
Confederate Gen. Early, after the war, returned to his law practice, was the first President of the Southern Historical Society, was a supervisor of the Louisiana Lottery and became a lifetime opponent of James Longstreet - probably because Longstreet was critical of Lee. Died and buried at Lynchburg, Virginia, 1894.
Union General-in-Chief, George Brinton McClellan?
Unsuccessful Democratic Presidential candidate in 1864, Chief Engineer of the New York City Department of Docks, Governor of New Jersey 1878-1881, writer. Died Orange, New Jersey, 1885.
Union Maj. Gen. John Pope?
Pope served in the U.S. Army in various department commands after the defeat at 2nd Bull Run. He blamed the defeat on his officers and their association with McClellan. President Lincoln agreed but felt "There was army prejudice against him, and it was necessary he should leave." Pope was sent to the west to campaign against Indians. He died at the Old Soldiers' and Sailors' Home in Sandusky, Ohio in 1892. He is buried at St. Louis, Missouri.
Union Maj. Gen. William Starke Rosecrans?
Resigned his commission from U.S. Army in 1867, became Minister to Mexico, U.S. Congressman from California, Register of the Treasury, rancher. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Died Redondo, Calif. 1898 on his ranch.
Union Maj. Gen. Lewis Wallace?
Served on commission that tried Lincoln conspirators, President of court martial that tried and convicted Henry Wirz - Commander of Andersonville Prison, became Governor of New Mexico Territory, U.S. Minister to Turkey, author and speaker. It was his novel, "Ben Hur," which gained him immortality - 1880. Died 1905 at Crawfordsville, Ind.
Confederate Gen. (temp rank)John Bell Hood?
Hood succeeded J.E. Johnston, Commander of the Army of Tennessee, CSA, surrendered at Natchez, Mississippi in May of 1865. Hood became a merchant following the war. He died August of 1879 and is buried in New Orleans.
Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard Stoddert Ewell?
No postwar achievements. Died January 25, 1872 and is buried at Nashville, Tennessee. Ewell was wounded twice and fell from his horse incapacitating him. After the war, he retired to a farm near Spring Hill, Tennessee. Ewell was blamed for the defeat at Gettysburg because he chose not to capture Cemetery Hill - a questionable fact since some historians believe that position by itself could not have guaranteed a Confederate victory.
Union Maj. Gen. John Buford - Calvary?
Buford, reinforced by Reynolds, commanded the first unit to fight at Gettysburg. Died at age 37 of natural causes. Buried at West Point, New York.
Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg?
Victory at Chickamauga but a later defeat at Chattanooga caused him to resign. He did become a Military Advisor to President Jeff Davis. Postwar, he returned to his civil engineer duties and died in 1876. Buried at Mobile, Alabama.
Union Brig. Gen. Robert Anderson?
Lowered flag at Ft. Sumter in April, 1861 and raised it again on April 14, 1865. Poor health caused Anderson to retire from the military in 1863, but he returned to raise the flag in 1865. Died 1871 at Charleston, South Carolina.
Union Maj. Gen. George Armstrong Custer?
From the First Manassas Campaign through to Appomattox, he took part in every battle of the Army of the Potomac except one. Killed by Indians at the famous Battle of the Little Big Horn, Montana on June 24, 1876. Custer and wife are both buried at West Point, New York.
Confederate Brig. Gen. Henry Heth?
Gained prominence at Gettysburg where he attempted to rout Buford and Reynolds on the opening day of battle. Postwar saw Heth as an insurance businessman and holder of minor government positions. Died 1899. Buried in Richmond, Virginia.
Confederate Brig. Gen. Stand Watie?
Famous Cherokee Cavalry raider and last Confederate general to surrender. Died 1871 and buried at Delaware City, Okla.
Union Brig. Gen. James Harrison Wilson?
Sherman's cavalry commander who took Selma, Alabama with largest cavalry ever assembled in America, also credited with capture of President Jeff Davis, resigned commission 1870 and went into a civilian career of railroading. Returned to military service to enter the Spanish-American War. Retired and died at Wilmington, Delaware in 1925 - one of the last surviving Union generals.
Union Maj. Gen. Daniel Edgar Sickles?
Became Military Governor of South Carolina, worked on establishing Gettysburg as a National Military Park, U.S. Minister to Spain, U.S. Congressman, Chairman of the New York State Monuments Commission. Died in 1914 - buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Confederate General Leonidas Polk?
Killed by a cannon round on top of Pine Mountain, Georgia. Polk's remains and that of his wife lie beneath the altar floor of Christ Church Cathedral in New Orleans.